Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board: The First Twenty

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Despite these statements, however, it becomes quite clear from other statements that both Secretary McNamara and President Johnson remained doubtful about the feasibility, likelihood, or even possibility of a controlled response in a major war. Although he is remembered for his ordering of the bombing of a UN shelter in the Lebanese village of Qana in 1996 – which killed and wounded hundreds of innocent people – the list of war crimes associated with his name is as long as his career.

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Weapons of Mass Destruction in the Middle East

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The Manhattan Project In response to the perceived German threat the United States initiated its own program for the development of an "Atomic Bomb" under the Army Corps of Engineers in June 1942. Impact on temperatures 20 -- 10 £ E S -10 1-20 "30 Ambient temperoture 1 ' 1 ' s;^^^"" /^ ~ '" 7 ^ y^-^^ !^

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The Nuclear Controversy (Meridian)

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The big five: United States, Britain, France Read this essay on Nuclear Weapons. Their brains focus on the win-ability of nuclear war to the exclusion of all other possibilities. It appears to have been part of a larger project involving "overt exploitation in Korea by the Department of Defence and covert exploitation by the Central Intelligence Agency of the possible use of novel weapons" -- a euphemism for what are now called weapons of mass destruction.

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U.S. Army Technical Manual, TM 3-6665-308-10, WATER TESTING

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REUTERS/Yuri Maltsev Within the next few weeks, after years of stalling and evasion, Iran may at last agree to curb its nuclear programme. A comparable US attack on Russia would produce similar devastation. Measures under the Treaty include on-site inspections and exhibitions, data exchanges and notifications related to strategic offensive arms and facilities covered by the Treaty, and provisions to facilitate the use of national technical means for treaty monitoring. By the 1960s steps were being taken to limit both the proliferation of nuclear weapons to other countries and the environmental effects of nuclear testing.

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43 Seconds to Hiroshima: The First Atomic Mission. An

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At 600 REM, death is assumed to be virtually certain, especially with the probable scarcity of medical care in the wake of an attack. Options being discussed include warhead modernisation, the development of new delivery platforms, and the upgrading of command and control mechanisms as well as supporting infrastructure. Treaties have been signed limiting certain aspects of nuclear testing and development. The city had been an ancient center of trade with foreign countries, first with China, Vietnam and south Asia.

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Strategic Defense in the Nuclear Age: A Reference Handbook

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In addition to heat, other forms of radiation are also released, many of which can injure or kill humans. If their national existence should be threatened, weaker countries, unable to defend at lesser levels of violence, may destroy them�selves through resorting to nuclear weapons. A number of submarines survive with ballistic or cruise missiles. However, many of the other key UN nations ( Britain and France specifically) were strongly opposed to the use of nuclear weapons. One only hangs a heavy picture frame on a nail in a wall stud, not just the wall board.

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The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race

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More of these on-the-ground before-and-after photos can be found here, along with the source information. Two countries—the United States and Russia —hold the vast majority of the world's nuclear weapons. Chanda: But even with the administration change, how do you see the prospect of the Senate ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty that was signed by the U. There were multiple occasions during the Cold War years when we came extraordinarily close to catastrophe through a combination of human error or machine error or decisions made under operational stress.

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Nuclear Weapons and the Future of Humanity

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I.e., perhaps, they want to hit Russia not because they believe it won’t hit back – but because they _know_ Russia will hit back. The entire globe was now to live with the fear of total annihilation, the fear that drove the cold war, the fear that has forever changed world politics. ... During the cold war, the nuclear strategies of the United States and the USSR ranged from straightforward deterrence to the threat of massive retaliation during the early 1950s, to limited forward deployment in the late 1950s, to various forms of flexible response in the 1960s.

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The Social Impact of Bomb Destruction

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Major Pb shielding required for 1 .076 and 1 .33 MeV y radiation from ^°Co radioactive decay. (A regular laboratory ^°Co source has an activity of <10-^ Ci.) An "effective" dirty bomb provides substantial logistical problems on the delivery side! They’ve ignored Security Council resolutions. In April 1989, a fire on board the Komsomolez resulted in the sinking of the Russian nuclear submarine to a depth of 1,700 meters (5,500 feet) in the North Atlantic Ocean, together with two torpedoes and their nuclear warheads.

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Kennedy, Macmillan and Nuclear Weapons (Cold War History)

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Once the nuclear-tipped missiles are deployed, are there guarantees against "some crazy guy doing some crazy thing"? Instead of wasting their blast on a spherical surface, it can be directed at the target spacecraft. We assume there would have to be a huge problem for us to contemplate such a thing. Nixon and Kissinger later both came to regret that they backed down, holding that they should have begun aggressive bombing operations of North Vietnam much earlier, in February 1969. Along with William Perry, Henry Kissinger and Sam Nunn he is one the four principals of the Nuclear Security Project that is questioning the conventional wisdom about nuclear weapons.

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